Pequena Africa – Over four million Africans were brought to Brazil to be enslaved along the 300-year period of slavery in the country. Brazil was the last country to abolish the slavery economic system, in the late nineteenth century. Nowadays more than half of Brazilians identify themselves as black.
The city of Rio was the world’s largest African slave market in the Nineteenth Century. One out of five enslaved of the modern era in the world step in into Rio.
Samba, carnival, food, music and religion, African culture is everywhere in Brazil.
Over four million Africans were brought to Brazil to be enslaved along the 300-year period of slavery in the country. Brazil was the last country to abolish the slavery economic system, in 1888. More than half of Brazilians identify themselves as black.
The city of Rio was the world’s largest African slave market in the Nineteenth Century. One out of five enslaved of the modern era in the wold step in into Rio.
“The Valongo Complex and its history reveal a close connection and a landmark of the relations between the city of Rio de Janeiro and the Atlantic world. The era of the transatlantic traffic of Africans, which turns it into a portal of the Atlantic, the link between the regions of capture and ports of embarkation on the African continent with the ports of Rio de Janeiro and other slave areas of Brazil, especially the entire south and southeast center, which made Rio de Janeiro the largest slave port of the Americas.
In post-abolition, Rio would be the gate through which an enormous contingent African descendant returns to Rio, in an internal migration, occupying several areas of the city and its periphery, mainly the valongo region, which for a long time remains as a work space, housing, celebration and leisure of the African and Afro-Brazilian population. Keeping alive the memory of the tragedy, the pain, the suffering of the times of slavery perpetuated in the various forms of exclusion, which lack public policies of reparation, however, it is also a history of resistance, of capoeira, afro religious celebrations, samba de roda party … All that transformed the region of Little Africa into the cradle of the samba in Rio, which gave rise to the biggest popular festival in the country: The carnival parade.”
Cláudio de Paula Honorato – Valongo the market of souls of the Plaza carioca (Book).
- Valongo Wharf Archaeological World Heritage Site
- Warehouse docks Pedro II / Docas André Rebouças
- IPN – A Memorial to the newly arrived African “enslaved”
- MUHCAB – Museu da História e Cultura Afro-Brasileira
- Pedra do Sal (Rock of Salt)
- Morro da Conceição
- Mercedes Baptista Statue
- Largo da Prainha